Butler, Joseph

(1692-1752)
   An Anglican bishop, theologian and apologist against deism, Butler contributed to both philosophy of religion and ethics. In his day The Analogy of Religion (1736) was a widely celebrated attack on deism, which draws an analogy between the Bible and the natural world, arguing that both show evidence of coming from the same divine hand. Many consider Butler's greatest philosophical legacy to be found in his work on moral philosophy, particularly in Fifteen Sermons (1726), in which he critiques psychological hedonism, the view that all motives can be traced to the desire for pleasure. Instead, Butler argues that pleasure is in fact a by-product of primary desires properly sublimated within conscience. As such, pleasure can only be completed in objects for which we have intrinsic regard. Underlying this process is the ultimately perfect coincidence of self-love and benevolent love.
   Further reading: Butler 1736 and 1900; Penelhum 1985

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butler, Joseph — (1692–1752)    Bishop and Theologian.    Butler was born in Wantage in England and was brought up as a Presbyterian. He became a member of the Church of England and was educated at the University of Oxford. After ordination in 1718, he served… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Butler, Joseph — born May 18, 1692, Wantage, Berkshire, Eng. died June 16, 1752, Bath, Somerset British bishop and moral philosopher. He became dean of St. Paul s Cathedral in 1740 and bishop of Durham in 1750. His works defended revealed religion against the… …   Universalium

  • Butler, Joseph — (1692–1752) English moral philosopher. Born of a Presbyterian family, Butler was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, and became a minister of the Church of England, where he rose to be Bishop of Durham, as well as the spiritual adviser of Queen… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Butler, Joseph — (18 may. 1692, Wantage, Berkshire, Inglaterra–16 jun. 1752, Bath, Somerset). Arzobispo y filósofo de la moral británico. Fue nombrado deán de la catedral de San Pablo en 1740 y obispo de Durham en 1750. En sus obras defendió la religión revelada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Butler, Joseph — See British moralists of the eighteenth century …   History of philosophy

  • BUTLER, JOSEPH —    an eminent English divine, born at Wantage, in Berks; born a Dissenter; conformed to the Church of England; became preacher at the Rolls, where he delivered his celebrated Sermons, the first three of which contributed so much to the stability… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BUTLER, Joseph — (1692 1752)    English philosopher and ANGLICAN BISHOP who deplored enthusiasm. His book The Analogy of Religion (1736) is a profound attack on DEISM and a thorough refutation of deistic views …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Butler, Joseph — (1692 1752)    Theologian, b. at Wantage, s. of a Presbyterian linen draper, was destined for the ministry of that Church, but in 1714 he decided to enter the Church of England, and went to Oxf. After holding various other preferments he became… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Joseph Butler — Butler, Joseph …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Joseph Butler — (* 18. Mai 1692 in Wantage; † 16. Juni 1752 in Bath) war ein englischer Bischof der anglikanischen Kirche in Durham[1] und Bristol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.